Whats is the Coral Triangle? What is the Coral Triangle of the Pacific?

The Coral Triangle contains vast marine resources critical for economic and food security of about 120 million people dependent on fishing, nature tourism, and other coastal and marine resources. Referred to as the “Amazon of the Seas,” it has 76% of all known coral species, 37% of all known coral reef fish species, 53% of the world’s coral reefs, and about 3,000 species of fish. It covers 5.7 million square kilometers and includes all or part of the six countries that are signatories to the Coral Triangle Initiative—including three from the Pacific, namely Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste. The Asian Development Bank has included Fiji and Vanuatu to form the Pacific Coral Triangle due to the five countries’ common environmental concerns like climate change and biodiversity conservation.

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  • The Coral Triangle spans 6 million square kilometers of coral reefs.
  • You can find 6 of 7 marine turtle species in the Coral Triangle.
  • More than 120 million people live in the Coral Triangle and rely on its coral reefs for livelihood.
  • The Coral Triangle hosts more than 600 different species of reef-building corals.
  • Fisheries and coastal tourism revenues bring in an estimated $3 billion in annual income in the region.
  • Coral Triangle Day is celebrated every June 9.
Representatives of multilateral financial institutions agree that development partners need closer collaboration to ensure sustainability and scalability of marine conservation programs.
Robert Guild, ADB Pacific Department Director and a scuba diver for over 25 years, answers a question about underwater photography. Watch the Q&A
What is the Coral Triangle Initiative?

The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI) was launched in 2007 as a six-country program of regional cooperation to protect these economic and environmental assets. It has received political endorsement from declarations of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. All six cooperating governments have taken important steps toward addressing threats to the Coral Triangle through the collaborative development of a regional plan of action and the preparation of national plans of action to guide country and local level implementation.